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West University of Timișoara - brief history

               West University of Timișoara (UVT) is based on its foundations a sustainable tradition of higher education supported by the establishment in Timișoara of the Faculty of Philosophy (1841) and then of the Faculty of Law (1845). Based on the Royal Decree no. 660 of December 30, 1944, signed by King Mihai I of Romania, West University of Timișoara, new alma mater studiorum, was able to offer university study programs in the fields of Law, Letters and Philosophy, Sciences, Human Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy and Theology.

               By Decree no. 175 published in the Official Gazette no. 177 of 3 August 1948 came into being Pedagogical Institute of Timisoara with a single faculty, Faculty of Mathematics-Physics, with a duration of 3 years.  

               As of September 1, 1956, it is established Faculty of Philology. 

               In the year 1959 was established 5-year-old Pedagogical Institute from Timișoara with the Faculties of Mathematics, Physics-Chemistry, Philology, Natural and Agricultural Sciences, History and Geography, Fine Arts, Physical Education. 

                The modern period of the higher education institution was reconfigured by the Decision of the Council of Ministers no. 999 of September 27th 1962, by which it was decided that the higher education institution should be called University of Timisoara, consisting of the Faculties of Mathematics-Mechanics, Physics and Philology and sections of Music and Arts.

               Between the years 1962-1989, the activity of the university was carried out on the basis of repeated ministerial orders and decisions, which provided for the forms of education, faculties, domains, departments and disciplines. Thus, in 1967 the Faculty of Economic Sciences is established, with the functioning of a law departmentt within it, and in 1968 the reorganization of the Faculties of Music, Fine Arts, History-Geography, Physical Education and Sports is requested from the relevant ministry. After the year 1976 they will be abolished, the university going through a difficult period as a higher education institution. Specializations within the Faculty of Philology will be abolished, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics will become sections within the Faculty of Natural Sciences. In 1971, the Informatics department was established within the Faculty of Mathematics-Mechanics.

               In 1989 there were three faculties in the university: Natural Sciences (with the sections of Mathematics, Informatics, Mathematics-Physics and Physics), Philology (with the sections of Romanian Language and Literature and Foreign Languages: English, French, German, Russian) and Economic Studies (with the sections of Industry Economics, Finance-Accounting and Accounting and Agrarian Economics).

               The period immediately following the events in 1989 brings substantial changes in the structure of the university, the offer being enriched with new fields through the Faculties of Fine Arts, Physical Education and Sports, Chemistry, Geography, Biology, Psychology and Sociology, Law, Music and Theater. Starting with the academic year 1990-1991, the didactic activity registers fundamental changes. An autonomy of the faculties was established in making important decisions regarding the educational process and placing it on the basic coordinates regarding the profile of specializations. In 1999, the establishment of the youngest UVT faculty, the Faculty of Political Science and Communication Sciences, was authorized. Since 2003, the Faculty of Letters has also hosted the Department of Orthodox Theology.

By the Decision of the Romanian Government no. 458 of 29.07.1994, the institution receives the current name - West University of Timișoara.

The evolution of UVT faculties over time is described in the table below.                   

 

The faculties of the West University of Timișoara

History

Faculty of Arts and Design

1959 - Faculty of Fine Arts within the Pedagogical Institute for 5 years

1962 - Faculty of Arts

1990 - Faculty of Fine Arts

1996 - Faculty of Arts

2008 - Faculty of Arts and Design

Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Geography

1959 - Faculty of Natural Sciences

1991 - Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Geography

Faculty of Law

1944 - the university was empowered by Royal Decree to offer study programs in the field

1967 - functional section for a short period within the Faculty of Economic Sciences

1992 - department at the Faculty of Economic Sciences, Sociopsychopedagogy and Law

1994 - Faculty of Economics and Law

1996 - Faculty of Law

2003 - Faculty of Law and Administrative Sciences

2013 - Faculty of Law

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

1967 - Faculty of Economics

1992 - Faculty of Economic Sciences, Sociopsychopedagogy and Law

1994 - Faculty of Economics and Law

1996 - Faculty of Economics

2007 - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

1959 - Faculty of Physical Education within the Pedagogical Institute for 5 years

1963-1983 - Faculty of Physical Education

1990-1995 - Section within the Faculty of Letters

1995 - Faculty of Physical Education and Sports

Faculty of Physics

1948-1962 - Faculty of Mathematics-Physics within the Pedagogical Institute

1962 - Faculty of Physics

1974-1990 - Physics Department within the Faculty of Natural Sciences

1990 - Faculty of Physics

Faculty of Letters, History and Theology

1944 - the university was empowered by Royal Decree to offer study programs in the field

1956 - Faculty of Philology, within the Pedagogical Institute

1962-1974 - Faculty of Philology

1974-1979 - Faculty of Philology-History

1979-1990 - Faculty of Philology

1990-2003 - Faculty of Letters, Philosophy, History

2003 - Faculty of Letters, History and Theology

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science

1948-1962 - Faculty of Mathematics-Physics within the Pedagogical Institute (1948 - duration of studies of 3 years; 1952 - duration of studies of 4 years; 1957 - duration of studies of 5 years)

1962-1974 - Faculty of Mathematics-Mechanics

1974-1990 - Departments of Mathematics, Mathematics-Physics and Informatics within the Faculty of Natural Sciences

1990-2003 - Faculty of Mathematics

2003 - Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics

Faculty of Music and Theater

1962 - Faculty of Music, department within the Faculty of Philology

1964-1979 - Faculty of Music

1990-1992 - section within the Faculty of Letters, Philosophy, History

1992-1996 - section within the Faculty of Arts

1996 - Faculty of Music

2014 - Faculty of Music and Theater

Faculty of Sociology and Psychology

1990 - Sociology and Psychology department within the Faculty of Letters

1991 - section within the Faculty of Economic Sciences

1994 - Faculty of Sociology and Psychology

Faculty of Political Science, Philosophy and Communication Sciences

1999 - Faculty of Political Science and Communication

2003 - Faculty of Political Science, Philosophy and Communication Sciences

Table 1. The evolution of the faculties of the West University of Timișoara

                 The organization of doctoral studies is one of the important components of UVT, having an institutional and historical relevance. In the '70s, the first generations of teachers in the fields Philology, Mathematics, Physics laid the foundations for the first doctoral research at the university. In the '90s, with the reorganization of the higher education system in Romania and in the conditions of university development, new university study programs were organized, the faculties from UVT initiating new doctoral study programs. Areas Economics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Visual Arts, History, have been added to the old fields of doctoral studies, joining them along the way fields such as Philosophy, Sociology, Management, Marketing or Geography.

               After the legislation, in Romania, of the concept of doctoral school, through Romanian Government Decision no. 567 of June 15, 2005 on the organization and conduct of doctoral studies, and with the application of the principles The Bologna Process, in the West University of Timișoara were organized these departmental structures. The fields of university doctoral studies currently functional within IOSUD-UVT are:

 

Doctoral school

Doctoral field

Doctoral School of Arts

Visual arts

Doctoral School of Chemistry

Chemistry

Doctoral School of Law

Law

Doctoral School of Economics and Business Administration

Accounting, Economics, Finance, Management, Marketing

Doctoral School of Physics

Physics

Doctoral School of Geography

Geography

Doctoral School of Computer Science

Informatics

Doctoral School of Mathematics

Maths

Doctoral School of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science

Philosophy, Sociology, Political Science

Doctoral School of Humanities

Philology, History

Doctoral School of Psychology

Psychology

(established by OMECȘ no. 5683 of 12.11.2015)

Education Sciences 

(established by OMEN no. 4154 of 23.07.2018)

The Science of Sports and Physical Education 

(established by OMEN no. 5472 of 14.11.2018)

Doctoral School of Music and Theater

The music

(established by OMECȘ no. 5684 of 12.11.2015)

Theater and Performing Arts 

(established by OMEN no. 4209 of 31.07.2018)

Table 2. Doctoral schools and doctoral studies fields of the West University of Timișoara               

 

               All the transformations of institutional nature have preserved the reference values ​​that were substantiated at the time of the establishment of the university, being adequate to the stages of the institution. The position of an institution of higher education of excellence has been strengthened by providing a complex and coherent palette, with a high quality level, of undergraduate university study programs (lasting 3 or 4 years - 180-240 transferable study credits), master's degree (lasting 1 or 2 years - 60-120 transferable study credits) and doctorate (lasting 3 years).

               Starting with the 2000s, the West University of Timișoara have been through a dynamic period, characterized by a large number of students, by improving the infrastructure by building new infrastructure for the Faculties of Economics and Law or by renovating the heritage buildings, in case Faculty of Arts and Design. Equally, the emphasis on research and innovation has resulted in the construction of modern, high-performance and well-equipped research centers, such as Nicolae Georgescu-Roengen platform or Institute for Advanced Environmental Research - ICAM.

               Currently, the 11 faculties of the West University of Timișoara (Faculty of Arts and Design, Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Geography, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Physics, Faculty of Letters, History and Theology, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Music and Theater, Faculty of Sociology and Psychology, Faculty of Political Science, Philosophy and Communication Sciences) carries out over 75 bachelor's degree programs and over 100 master's degree programs. 

               The teaching staff consists of over 700 full-time teachers, professors, associated professors, lecturers and university assistants, as well as associate teachers, who are responsible for the training of over 14 students.

               The table below shows the evolution over time of the number of teachers and students of UVT:

 

Number of teachers

Number of students

Reference period

153

1255

1962-1963

230

2851

1989-1990

701

11498

1999-2000

731

16923

2002-2003

752

24797

2006-2007

731

19554

2009-2010

651

13807

2017-2018

Table 3. Evolution of the number of teachers and the number of students enrolled at the West University of Timișoara

 

                The material base arranged in 1951 in the old Lloyd's Palace, destined to carry out the university education process, was presented as follows:

Indicator

Classrooms

Seminar rooms

Laboratories

Libraries

Offices

Workshops

Depots

Technical rooms

Hallways

Number

4

7

6

2

22

2

6

8

10

The surface sqm

442,4

552,3

254,9

209,5

314,8

64,1

353,9

175

1050,4

Table 4. The initial patrimony of the West University of Timișoara
 

               Today, the spaces of education, practice, accommodation, sports have a completely different configuration, completing a vast picture of a higher education institution of European level:               

 

Educational spaces, buildings and land

Accommodation, buildings and land

Practice spaces

Spaces for sports

125.233 mp

60.471 mp

105.796 mp

4.310 mp

Table 5. The current patrimony of the West University of Timișoara

The constant improvement of the educational process emphasizes modern curricular contents, harmonized with the profile faculties in the country and abroad and constantly updated. 

At the national plan, West University of Timişoara is a member of a National Council of Rectors (CNR), but is also part of University Consortium, together with "Babeș-Bolyai" University of Cluj Napoca, University of Bucharest, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iași and the Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest. Established in June 2009, consortium is an important dialogue partner with the relevant ministry on issues related to higher education, such as strategic directions of development, research, funding or internationalization.

In order to meet the strategic internationalization objectives of UVT and to support the development and management of a portfolio of strategic international partners, UVT is affiliated to the following international organizations:

  • - Agency Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF);
  • - European University Association (USA);
  • - International Association of Universities (IAU);
  • - European Association of Erasmus Coordinators (EAEC);
  • - European Association for International Education (EAIE);
  • - Magna Charta Observatory; Danube Rectors Conference;
  • - The network of Senghor Chairs.

UVT supports cultural projects and collaborates with prestigious cultural institutions, by organizing conferences and meetings with the literary, artistic and sports environment.

Since 2015, it has become a tradition to award prizes for excellence in the setting UVT gala, organized annually, where academic and research performance is rewarded and recognized. 

In the same constant concern for performance, UVT promotes values ​​by organizing sports events with the participation of the entire academic community: UVT Liberty Marathon, Cup University students, we ride in the UVT family.

Thus, at present time the West University of Timișoara is being one of the most dynamic higher education institutions in Romania, well individualized in the European Higher Education Area, which assumes, according to the University Charter, general mission of advanced scientific research and education, generating and transferring knowledge to society through:

  1. a) scientific research, development, innovation and technological transfer, through individual and collective creation, in the field of sciences, engineering, letters, arts, by ensuring performance and physical and sports development, as well as capitalizing and disseminating their results;
  2. b) initial and continuous training, at university level, in order to personal development, professional insertion of the individual and to meet the skills needs of the socio-economic environment.

UVT assumes its own mission as a catalyst for the development of Romanian society by creating an innovative and participatory environment for scientific research, learning, cultural-artistic creation and sports performance, transferring skills and knowledge to the community through education, research and consulting services which it offers to economic and socio-cultural partners.

The academic motto of the West University of Timișoara is Scientiae et artes. Doctrina et disciplina.

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